Everything you need to know about the Italian music business: facts & figures on discography, live music, media, trends and much more
Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City (these two tiny states are inside Italy itself). With 61 million inhabitants it is the fourth most populous EU member state. It covers an area of 301.338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is often referred to as lo Stivale (the Boot).
The capital and largest city is Rome (2.8 million citizens). Italy’s official language is Italian, but English is also quite common, especially in its main cities: Rome, Milan, Florence, Venice, Bologna, Turin, Genoa, Naples, Palermo, Bari.
Stats & Figures
Despite its small geographical size, Italy is an important player in the world music market.
According to FIMI – the organization that represents the Italian recorded music industry – in 2022, Italian music experienced significant growth, with revenues increasing by 11.1% and exceeding €370 million. This growth was primarily driven by streaming, which saw a 17.7% increase. The export of Italian music also saw growing revenues, with a 15% increase in royalty revenue and a 92% increase over the past three years, reaching over €22 million. Digital revenues played a crucial role in this growth, rising by 12% compared to the previous year. Streaming accounted for 66.7% of total industry revenue, with subscriptions and ad-supported segments both showing substantial growth.
The physical sector of the industry saw a general decline of 2.2%, except for vinyl, which experienced a resurgence with an 11.7% increase. Despite the overall decline, the Italian physical market remains strong internationally, ranking eighth globally. Synchronization revenues from audiovisual productions such as advertisements, movies, and TV series also showed promising results, with a 26.5% increase and over €13 million in revenues.
The success of the Italian repertoire can be attributed to the combined efforts of local record companies and evolving consumer habits. For the third consecutive year, the top ten albums were dominated by local acts, and for the second year, the top ten singles were fully composed of Italian songs. In terms of certifications, 2022 saw 267 albums, 2 compilations, and 325 singles receiving certifications, for a total of 594 titles.
With its 309m turnover in 2019, Italian live music sector is one of the pillars of Italy’s music industry. As it occurs in the majority of European countries, Italy’s live industry is built up of different types of touring circuits, festivals and venues.
Small clubs in Italy form an interesting touring circuit which extends both in small and in big cities, in the north and in the southern part of the country, and can be a good starting point to develop an Italian audience throughout the peninsula. These clubs often have limited capacity (50-200 ppl) so they are advisable for artists who can adapt to small fees (up to 300/350€).
Most of these small venues are ARCI clubs: ARCI is a popular cultural association to which many Italian music clubs belong. Every member in the audience has to subscribe to the association and pay an annual membership (usually around 5-10€) which will be valid for all Arci clubs around the country. The cost of this membership is usually not included in concert tickets.
Another type of grassroots venue is CSA or CSOA, which is to say occupied and self-managed spaces. These venues are run by the neighborhood community and offer a variety of political and social bonding activities.
House concerts are relatively common in Italy, and you can find Italian versions of Sofar Sounds and Balcony TV.
Main venues in Italy usually have three types of capacity: regular music clubs (up to 3000 attendees), sports venues (“palazzetti”, up to 13k attendees) and stadiums (up to 60k attendees).
Here is a map with some of Italy’s major venues for live music:
Most of Italian music clubs are part of KeepOn, a national network representing around 280 clubs all around Italy. Every year KeepOn releases an interesting report about the state of grassroots venue in Italy.
From the beginning June to the end of August most of Italy’s indoor club close or move to outdoor spaces. This is the reason why Italy has many seasonal venues that are open & functioning only during summertime, as for example the popular bathing establishment Hana-bi or Parco Gondar in Puglia.
Italian festivals can be divided in two groups: “classic” festivals that last two or three days in a row, and festivals called rassegne which could last a month or even longer. Rassegne festivals consist in a series of concerts programmed during a certain period where different headliners perform every night. From May to November, from North to South of Italy, hundred of festivals are staged throughout the country. Here is a quick selection of the main ones:
Ferrara Sotto Le Stelle – Ferrara
I-Days – Monza, Milan
Gods Of Metal – Monza, Milan
TOdays Festival – Turin
MI AMI Festival – Milan
Home Festival – Treviso
Club To Club – Turin
Collisioni Festival – Barolo (Cuneo)
Robot Festival – Bologna
A Night Like This festival – Chiaverano (Turin)
Un Altro Festival – Segrate, Milano
Festival Moderno – Segrate, Milano
Terraforma Festival – Villa Arconati – Milano
Jazz:re:Found – Turin
MusicalZoo – Brescia
Spring Attitude Festival – Rome
Siren Festival – Vasto
Arezzo Wave – Arezzo
Lucca Summer Festival – Lucca
Postepay Rock in Roma – Rome
Firenze Rocks – Florence
Umbria Jazz – Perugia
Pistoia Blues Festival – Pistoia
Dancity Festival – Foligno
Rome Psych Fest – Rome
FAT FAT FAT – Macerata
Ypsigrock Festival – Castelbuono, Palermo
Ortigia Sound System – Ortigia, Syracuse
Zanne Festival – Mount Etna, Catania
Locus Festival – Locorotondo, Bari
Viva! Festival – Itria Valley, Bari
Frac Festival – Vibo Valentia
Color Fest – Lamezia Terme
Mish Mash – Milazzo
Showcase and conference events
Linecheck, Medimex, KeepOn Live Club Fest and MEI are some of the main music business networking events in Italy.
From 2017 Milan has been home of Italy’s Music Week. A whole week of events, conferences and panels focused on music business.
Touring in Italy
When a band or artist decides to tour in Italy, there are two taxes that need to be payed:
Social Security: in Italian called ‘agibilità’ Inps – ex-Enpals (Italian social security and pension funds) has to be registered by the promoter or agent before the show. This tax amounts to 38,17% of the artist fee.
Withholding Tax: withholding tax is 30% but can be reduced by dividing the invoice between the fee and the production costs. The maximum percentage of deductible is 60%. The promoter is responsible to declare and pay the taxes.
Note: Italy has a tax treaty in place to avoid double taxation.
Visa (if you are not a Schengen area member)
Artistic performance work requires a self-employment/freelance working visa type (D). The cost is relatively low and there are few documents to provide when applying at your closest embassy for the Visa.
All info here.
Note: the processing of the visa will require at least 15 working days.
The train could be a very good way to tour in Italy.
In Italy there are two train companies: a public and a private one.
Ferrovie dello Stato (Trenitalia) is owned by the Italian Government while Italo is a private company.
Ferrovie dello Stato offers regional, long-distance and high-speed rail services, whereas Italo offers only high-speed rail services.
Travelling through Italy by car or van is easy thanks to a good highway network.
All the Italian highways are toll roads.
Note: If you play in a city centre venue, it is worth remembering that Italian city centers often have narrow streets, pedestrian zones and pay parkings.
Both national (Alitalia) and European wide budget airlines operate flights in Italy.
Most major Italian cities have at least one airport within fairly easy reach, and Milan and Rome have at least two airports. Rome is served by both Fiumicino and the more distant Ciampino, while Milan is served by Malpensa, Linate and Orio al Serio.
Italy has a total number of 40 airports, that means you can fly close to every city like Bologna, Florence, Turin, Naples, Palermo.
Here the different kinds of accommodation in Italy:
Other Costs & Charges
Here the main merchandise companies in Italy:
Note: In Italy, when you sell a merchandise product you are obliged to leave the customer a receipt that indicates the local Italian VAT and who the seller is. The VAT has to be declared and paid to the revenue authorities. Also the records that shall be sold would have to be legally import and get the import sticker from the SIAE (the national collecting society).
Crew fees (per day)
Band and crew member per day (food): €20
Driver: €100 – €200
Front Of House Engineer (FOH): €100 – €200
Tour Manager (TM): €100 – € 250
Lighting Engineer: €100 – €200
If you travel by car, It worth considering the traffic, so plan in an extra 30 minutes.
If you can, take some hours to discover the Italian cities and their typical regional meal
Wireless coverage is common in most venues, accommodation and restaurants in Italy
Although most of the accommodation, restaurants accept payments by credit card, always have a bit of cash for the toll roads and coffees 😉
Music promotion in Italian mainstream media it’s not an easy task: as in all markets, the Italian one has its own peculiarities when it comes to promotional campaigns, and while there is little room for new artists on tv, radio and print media, there are some exceptions.
Radio, tv, online and print promo in Italy is usually handled by a team of different people in the same company, so the best thing is to find a good Italian partner to work with. Here’s a short guide to Italian media.
Online music magazines have gained enormous popularity in Italy within the last 15 years and they have quite an influence on their readership, so it’s important to take this into consideration when planning a promo campaign in Italy. Speaking of global brands, there is an Italian edition of Rolling Stone (which is quite popular, both online and in news stands) and Noisey (VICE Magazine’s music platform). Moreover, there is a number of well-known independent webzines that have been publishing original online content since the late ’90s: among them, the most popular ones are Rockit (only focusing on Italian music) and Rockol, followed by Il Mucchio, Rumore and Blow Up, three historical print magazines that have their own online version. For what concern electronic music, popular online magazines are Soundwall, DJ Mag, Parkett Channel and Clubber Confession, while Esse Magazine, La casa del rap, OutPump, Four Domino and Rap Burger concentrate on rap music in all its forms. Dance Like Shaquille O’Neal and Deerwaves have a younger readership and while focusing on music, it’s not unusual to find other kind of articles regarding tv series, sneakers, pop culture or technology. Other popular web magazines include Onstage, Sentireascoltare, Rockon.
The online versions of historical daily newspapers such as La Repubblica, Corriere della Sera, La Stampa, Il Sole 24 Ore, as well the Italian edition of international magazines like Wired, Esquire, l’Officiel, Vogue, Vanity Fair and many others also give space to music-related content.
As it happens in every country, there are specific web magazines focusing on each music genre, so it’s important to do some research before planning a promo campaign (or you can contact us, and we’ll do our best to help you figure out which could be the best options for you).
Considering the growing popularity of new digital platforms, print music magazines in Italy are quite struggling. The most popular music magazines in Italy include Rolling Stone, Rumore, Blow Up and as it happens for online webzines, there are specific magazines focusing on each music genre. Daily newspapers such as La Repubblica, Corriere della Sera, La Stampa, Il Messaggero, as well as free press publications such as Metro or Leggo all feature music (interviews, reviews etc) and have columns detailing upcoming concerts.
The most popular free magazine for what concerns music and concerts is Zero, which is distributed with different, city-specific editions in Rome, Milan, Bologna, Turin, Florence and Naples. Zero can be found in all club, bar, pub, music hall and clothing shop in these cities, and it’s an useful source of information for all music lovers in Italy.
Italian television is divided into public and private broadcasters: RAI (Radiotelevisione italiana) is the Italian state owned public service broadcaster, while Mediaset and SKY are the two main commercial tv broadcasters in the country.
Rai is the national public broadcaster and with its main channels (RAI 1, RAI 2, RAI 3) covers an average audience share of almost 40%. RAI is followed by the commercial broadcaster Mediaset (with the three main channels Rete 4, Canale 5, Italia 1) and Sky, the pay-tv broadcaster home of popular tv shows such as X Factor Italy and Masterchef Italy.
Some Italian radio stations have their own TV channel, as for example Deejay TV, Radio Italia and Radio Capital, while there are also ‘traditional’ music channels like VH1 and MTV Italy (part of SKY).
For what concerns music tv shows, the most popular ones are X Factor Italy (SKY) and Amici (Mediaset), both talent shows. The most famous music event in Italian television is Festival di Sanremo, a mainstream song contest aired once a year (usually in February) on Rai 1 since 1951. Another popular tv event is Primo Maggio, a concert organized in Rome by labor unions every 1st of May, and aired live by RAI. Finally, there is the Wind Summer Festival, a four-days-show live showcasing summer hits.
Several Italian tv shows host brief showcases of independent and new artists, both Italian and international: “Che Tempo Che Fa” (Rai3), the Sunday football show “Quelli che il calcio” (Rai2) and “E poi c’è Cattelan” (SKY) are among the most popular ones.
As it happens for television, there is a public radio network managed by RAI. The main public radio stations are Rai Radio 1 (more focused on news and talk shows), Rai Radio 2 (light entertainment shows and popular music) and Rai Radio 3 (shows about literature, theatre, cinema, history with mostly jazz and classical music). There are also a lot of commercial radio stations (which usually have a way larger listenership than Rai radio channels) broadcasting different music genres: Virgin Radio is focused on rock, M2o on dance music, Radio Deejay on pop and brand new artists, Radio Italia on Italian music. Below is a short list of other Italian commercial radio broadcasters:
RTL 102.5 (not related to the RTL Group)
Radio Kiss Kiss
Radio Monte Carlo
Radio Latte e Miele
TRX Radio (Focused on Hip Hop and Rap Music)
Finally, there are many more regional and city radio stations throughout Italy, independent radio stations and networks that host acoustic concerts and live interviews for artists touring the area. Here’s a short list:
Radio Popolare (Milano)
Radio Città Aperta (Roma)
Radio Città del Capo (Bologna)
Radio Sherwood (Padova)
Here is a list of the main music associations in Italy:
Afi – Italian Phonographic Industry Association
Assomusica – Live Music Association of Promoters and Organizers
Audiocoop – Independent Music Organization
FEM – Music Publishers Federation
Festival Experience – Italian Festivals Association
FIMI – The Italian Federation of Phonographic Industry
IQMF – Italian Quality Music Festivals Association
MMMF Italy – Music Manager’s Forum Italy
PMI – Independent Music Producers
KeepOn Live – Italian Live Music Clubs Network
EMusa – Italian Publishers Association